The last weblog entry on the Star of Bethlehem has been guiding us for a month now, and it is time to proceed into 2015. Today is Epiphany – or the day of the visit by the three magi who acknowledge Jesus as the once and future king of mankind.

The gospel of Matthew has a star guiding the magi and the gospel of Luke has an angel. Professors Barthel en Van Kooten at the Groningen conference don’t have quite an explanation for that, see the newspaper DvdN 2014-12-20. Professor Nugent, expert on symbolism, not at the Groningen conference, explains to us that angels could be seen as stars. We can quote him from the site of Valery Tarico:

Tarico: What are angels in these stories? Who are they?

Nugent: The Bible calls them the sons of God, the Divine Council. The word used for God in parts of the Hebrew Bible, Elohim, is plural implying a family of deities. Angels are the lesser gods of the deposed pantheon of ancient Israel. They are under the rulership of Yahweh. Together with Yahweh they are part of Elohim, a plural word that we translate “God” in the book of Genesis. Elohim/God says “Let us make humans in our image.” Christians understand this to refer to the trinity, but that is a later interpretation. These angels came from the ancient pantheons of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Many of these gods come from stars. There is a strong astral dimension. “Heavenly Hosts” are stars.

As I understand Egyptian mythology – but I am no expert on this: stars are the eyes of gods looking down on Earth. “Seeing” consists of actively radiating some light from the eye, while in our modern view the eye only passively records light falling into it. This would also explain why Egyptian pictures of gods and people and animals tend to be in profile – since there are few double stars. It is a mere hypothesis on my part, I haven’t seen texts by egyptologists that discuss this.

In the Bible, Luke 11:34 seems to describe the effect of being a star with a single eye, in the King James version, but the CE version destroys the notion:

“The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.” (Luke 11:34, King James.)  “Your eyes are the lamp for your body. When your eyes are good, you have all the light you need. But when your eyes are bad, everything is dark.” (Luke 11:34, CE)

Another hypothesis is that we already find the three magi in morning (Horus), noon (Ra) and evening (Atum), or in this threesome: Osiris (life), Anubis (death) and Horus (birth). Later again in Son, Father and Holy Spirit. It is kind of typical that Balthazar would be black.

Three gods, Osiris, Anubis and Horus (Melchior, Caspar, Balthazar ?) (Source: wikipedia, lemma Osiris)

Osiris, Anubis and Horus (Melchior, Caspar, Balthazar ?) (Source: wikipedia, lemma Osiris,  tomb of Pharaoh Horemheb)


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